By Muhammad Abubakar, Ali Saeed, Oguz Kul
This ebook examines how biotechnology can enhance cattle breeding and farming, and thereby additionally animal items. within the first chapters the reader will become aware of which thoughts and techniques are at present used to enhance animal breeding, animal future health and the worth of animal items. specific recognition is given to copy strategies, animal food and cattle vaccines that not just improve animal health and wellbeing but additionally have an important influence on human healthiness by means of making sure secure foodstuff procurement and combating zoonotic illnesses. furthermore, sleek biotechnology can elevate not just productiveness but in addition the consistency and caliber of animal foodstuff, fiber and clinical items. within the moment a part of the publication, concerns comparable to how animal biotechnology may perhaps have an effect on the surroundings and the $64000 subject of animal waste administration are explored. within the concluding bankruptcy, the authors talk about destiny demanding situations with regards to animal biotechnology. This paintings will entice a large readership, from scientists and execs operating in animal creation, to these in farm animal administration and veterinary science.
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Extra resources for The Role of Biotechnology in Improvement of Livestock: Animal Health and Biotechnology
The industry has used microorganisms to produce enzymes, ferment foods and feeds, and treat to reduce waste traditionally. However, rapid expansion of the enzyme industry led to production of 20,000 tons in 2005 and an expected expansion of 5–10 % each year. For example, Trichoderma produced cellulose can be used in the textile and feed industries (Gavrilescu and Chisti 2005). In vitro methods of production are cheaper, time saving, and have highly controllable and adjustable processes. In vitro produced enzymes can be added to animal feed just prior to feeding, however, their efﬁciency in various environments such as low pH and high temperature should be closely monitored.
Some ways of manipulating rumen environment includes reduction of lactic acidosis and methanogenesis, enhancement of acetic, conjugated linoleic, or propionic acid production, manipulation of protein and fat degradation, improvement of microbial protein synthesis, and elimination of undesirable microorganisms such as protozoa and end products (Scheire and Tamminga 1996). Currently, more than 200 species of 2 Biotechnology and Animal Nutrition 29 bacteria are isolated from the rumen (McAllister et al.
Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) envelope gene encoding extracellular and transmembrane glycoprotein gp51 and gp30 was cloned into vector under Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) intermediate early promoter for DNA vaccine construction. Cellular immune response was promoted when the intramuscular administration of this plasmid vector was done (Brillowska et al. 1999). In another study, BLV transactivator Tax cloned into Mammalian cell expression plasmid pME18Neo showed that Th1 type immune response induced by Tax DNA vaccine inhibited BLV propagation in vaccinated sheep at the early phase of infection (Usui et al.
The Role of Biotechnology in Improvement of Livestock: Animal Health and Biotechnology by Muhammad Abubakar, Ali Saeed, Oguz Kul