By Tim Flannery
"The climate Makers" tells the dramatic tale of the earth's weather, of ways it has replaced, how we have now come to appreciate it, and of what that implies for the long run. Tim Flannery's gripping narrative takes the reader on a rare trip into the prior and world wide, bringing us towards the technology than ever ahead of. alongside the way in which he explodes the various illusions that experience grown up round this topic.
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Additional info for The Weather Makers: Our Changing Climate and What It Means for Life on Earth
S surface is bright ice and snow, enough sunlight is lost that a runaway cooling effect is created which freezes the entire planet. That threshold is crossed when ice sheets reach around 30 degrees of latitude. Around 540 million years ago living things began to build skeletons of carbonate, and to do this they absorbed CO2 from sea water. This affected CO2 levels in the atmosphere, and ever since then ice ages have been rare. have they prevailed. s thermostat. s temperature dropped for any reason, ice would form and the level of the ocean would fall, exposing the continental shelves.
7 And this is the view I will take here, for the questions I wish to address are more amenable to a Gaian approach than to a reductionist one. s use the term Gaia as shorthand for the complex system that makes life possible, while recognising all the while that it may result from chance. TWO THE GREAT AERIAL OCEAN The great aerial ocean which surrounds us, has the wonderful property of allowing the heat-rays from the sun to pass through it without its being warmed by them; but when the earth is heated the air gets warmed by contact with it, and also to a considerable extent by the heat radiated from the warm earth because, although pure, dry air allows such dark heat rays to pass freely, yet the aqueous vapour and carbonic acid [CO2] in the air intercept and absorb them.
The atmosphere has four distinct layers, which are defined on the basis of their temperature and the direction of their temperature gradient. The lowest part of the atmosphere is known as the troposphere. Its name means the region where air turns over, and it is so called because of the vertical mixing of air that characterises it. s gases. Its bottom third (which contains half of all the gases in the atmosphere) is the only part of the entire atmosphere that is breathable. C per vertical kilometre travelled.
The Weather Makers: Our Changing Climate and What It Means for Life on Earth by Tim Flannery