By M. Dinesh Kumar, M.V.K. Sivamohan, Nitin Bassi
This e-book addresses innovations for nutrients protection and sustainable agriculture in constructing economies. The booklet focuses totally on India, a quick constructing economic climate, whose average source base comprising land and water helping agricultural construction isn't just below huge, immense tension, but in addition advanced and never amenable to a uniform method. It seriously studies matters which proceed to dominate the controversy on water administration for agricultural and foodstuff production.
The booklet examines the validity of the declare that enormous water assets initiatives reason severe social and environmental damages utilizing worldwide and nationwide datasets. The authors learn claims that the way forward for Indian agriculture is in rain-fed farming supported via small water harvesting. They query no matter if water-abundant japanese India may well develop into the granary of India, via a groundwater revolution with the precise coverage inputs. within the approach, they appear on the much less researched element of the nutrition safeguard problem, that's land shortage in jap India. The e-book analyzes the actual, fiscal and social affects of large-scale adoption of micro irrigation platforms, utilizing a farming approach strategy for north Gujarat. via an fiscal valuation of the a number of use advantages from tank platforms in western Orissa, it indicates how worth of water from huge public irrigation structures can be enhanced.
The ebook additionally appears on the purposes for the restricted good fortune in bringing in regards to the a lot wanted institutional reforms in canal irrigation for securing larger productiveness and fairness utilizing case experiences of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. eventually it addresses how different nations within the constructing global, relatively Sub-Saharan Africa may perhaps research from Indian experience.
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Extra resources for Water Management, Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture in Developing Economies
2006). Upstream vs downstream: Groundwater management and rainwater harvesting. Economic and Political Weekly, 41 (23), 2375–2383. Schultz, T. (1979). The economics of being poor. The Journal of Political Economy, 88 (4), 639–651. Shah, T. (2001). Wells and welfare in Ganga basin: Public policy and private initiative in eastern Uttar Pradesh, India. Research report 54. Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute. Shah, T. (2009). Taming the anarchy: Groundwater governance in South Asia.
In fact, most of the farmers who are late entries in well irrigation are small and marginal farmers. But with such high density of wells in hard rock areas, the economic efficiency of groundwater abstraction becomes extremely low. 2 Well groundwater irrigated area nexus. Source: based on data provided in Jain, 2008. , in 2000–01). , 2011). Well-interference is a characteristic feature of hard rock areas, which starts when all the groundwater that can be tapped is already tapped. In such situations, an increase in number of wells does not result in increase in total irrigated area (Kumar, 2007).
Hence, the over-exploited regions are also the regions of surface water shortage. Any new interventions to impound water would reduce the downstream flows, creating a situation whereby Peter took Paul’s water. Such indiscriminate water harvesting has also led to conflicts between upstream and downstream communities, as reported by Ray and Bijarnia (2006) in respect of Alwar in Rajasthan and Kumar et al. (2008a) in respect of Saurashtra in Gujarat. Kumar et al. , 2008a). , 2009). But this is far from the truth.
Water Management, Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture in Developing Economies by M. Dinesh Kumar, M.V.K. Sivamohan, Nitin Bassi