Wind power within the twenty first Century: Economics, coverage, expertise and the altering electrical energy via Redlinger, Robert Y., Andersen, consistent with Dannemand, Morthorst, Po [Palgrave Macmillan,2001] (Hardcover) [Hardcover]
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Additional info for Wind Energy in the 21st Century: Economics, Policy, Technology and the Changing Electricity Industry
World Energy Council: long-term development In the early to mid-1990s, the World Energy Council (WEC) prepared two global scenarios on the penetration of new renewable Wind Energy Resource Potential 27 energy resources, looking ahead to the year 2020, and speciﬁcally addressing the development of wind energy (WEC, 1994). The scenarios take as starting points two global scenarios formerly developed by the WEC Commission. The ‘current policies’ scenario In this scenario the existing general economic and technological trends are assumed to continue.
First, the new machines were more compact and able to deliver power on a much larger scale than necessary for just water pumping and grinding, allowing a whole new level of industrial development. Secondly, the engines and turbines could be located virtually anywhere, unlike windmills and water wheels which were dependent on the availability of good sites. And third, the new machines provided more reliable power than the wind, whose availability was vulnerable to changing weather conditions. As a result, the importance of wind energy declined during the nineteeth century and even more so during the twentieth century.
This is equivalent to an approximately 5–10 per cent standard deviation on the average annual energy production. For mountainous regions, the deviation doubles. The standard deviation on wind turbine power curve is typically 5–6 per cent of annual energy production in simple terrain, 10 per cent in complex terrain and 15 per cent in very complex terrain. In north-western Europe, wind farms’ annual electricity production can be predicted with an overall uncertainty of 10–15 per cent. In some areas, however, wind energy potential can still not be satisfactorily estimated.
Wind Energy in the 21st Century: Economics, Policy, Technology and the Changing Electricity Industry by Redlinger