By Gerald H. Blake
The worldwide political map is present process a strategy of swift switch as former states crumble and new states emerge. At sea, boundary delimitation among coastal states is continuous unabated. those adjustments may possibly pose a hazard to international peace in the event that they are usually not correctly negotiated and punctiliously controlled. Maritime Boundaries offers quite a few instances illustrating the consequences of modern ways to maritime territorial juristiction.
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Extra resources for World Boundaries Series: Maritime Boundaries: World Boundaries
The use of such enclaves is found fairly frequently in state practice as will be illustrated below. However, another problem was presented by the Scilly Islands, which lie some 21 miles off the British coast of Cornwall. Had a strict equidistance line been used, the Scillies would have had a disproportionate effect on the seaward portion of the line. Accordingly, the Arbitration Court decided to give the Scillies a ‘half-effect’. This was done by constructing two equidistance lines: one drawn from the coasts of the parties ignoring the Scillies; and a second using the Scillies as basepoints, thus giving them full effect.
BUNDY is a relevant circumstance to be taken into account in effectuating delimitation. The Libya—Malta decision, which was severely limited on the east by Italian claims, bears this out. In state practice, there are a number of regions which have been subject to more than one delimitation agreement. In some instances, such as in the North Sea or the Persian Gulf, there are no conflicts between the various agreements. In others, however, such as in the Caribbean, conflicts can arise. Thus, this is an additional factor that states must take into account in negotiating maritime boundary agreements.
Because of its importance in the jurisprudence (having been referred to in several cases), the Saudi Arabia—Iran Agreement is worth mentioning first. 9). Half effect was accorded to Kharg Island according to the Geographer of the US State Department. In addition, twelve-mile partial enclaves were agreed for Farsi and Arabi Islands. 10). Twelve- and thirteen-mile enclaves were agreed for the Italian islands; otherwise the delimitation was based on a median line. 11). Twelve-mile enclaves were negotiated for Yugoslav islands of Pelagrusa and Kajola.
World Boundaries Series: Maritime Boundaries: World Boundaries by Gerald H. Blake