Read e-book online World Views and Scientific Discipline Formation: Science PDF

By William R. Woodward (auth.), William R. Woodward, Robert S. Cohen (eds.)

ISBN-10: 9401053952

ISBN-13: 9789401053952

ISBN-10: 9401131643

ISBN-13: 9789401131643

The numerous efforts to boost a Marxist philosophy of technological know-how within the one­ time 'socialist' international locations have been casualties of the chilly struggle. Even those that have been under no circumstances Marxists, and people who have been undogmatic of their Marxisms, now confront a brand new international. the entire extra harsh is it in the event you labored in the framework imposed upon specialist philosophy by way of the authentic ideology. the following during this booklet, we're curious about a few 31 colleagues from the past due German Democratic Republic, consultant of their scholarship of the achievements of a apparently inventive whereas dismayingly repressive interval. The literature released within the GDR used to be blossoming, definitely within the ultimate decade, however it built inside a totalitarian regime the place own careers both complicated or faltered throughout the inner most safeguard or denunciation of mentors. we are going to by no means understand how many strong minds didn't input the sector of philosophy within the first position because of their prudent judgments that there has been a digital requirement that the candidate sign up for the Socialist harmony (i.e. Communist) celebration. between those that begun careers and have been sidetracked, the checklist is now commencing to be printed; and for the remaining, the cost of 'doing philosophy' used to be quite often silence within the face of harassments the likes of which make educational politics within the West appear kid's play.

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Extra info for World Views and Scientific Discipline Formation: Science Studies in the German Democratic Republic Papers from a German-American Summer Institute, 1988

Sample text

The unity of scientific knowledge is based on a unified system of methods. Its cornerposts, which we will go into further, are the experimental, logical, mathematical, and historical methods. The experimental method concerns the deployment of the experiment as objective analyzer of reality. The logical-mathematical method includes rules and procedures DIALECTICAL UNDERSTANDING 43 for the synthesis of facts analyzed in experiments. Through the constructive design of theoretical systems, it offers possibilities to order empirical material theoretically.

A whole ordered according to principles, is called science" (Kant, 1787) .... The systematic character is apparently a generally recognized condition for the genesis of a discipline (von Engelhardt, 1978) - a necessary but not yet sufficient condition. 24 MARTIN GUNTAU AND HUBERT LAITKO 9. SOCIAL MECHANISMS OF DISCIPLINE FORMATION The various kinds of knowledge of acoustics, electricity, and heat, magnetism and light, came together in the first third of the nineteenth century, as the integrative power of Newton's mechanics became effective.

The unity of scientific knowledge circumscribes the aspects of universality, connection, and genesis. The foundation of universality is objectively existing common structures and functions of systems. This makes possible the existence of universal theories and the use of analogies as an heuristic principle (Hager, 1982; Horz, 1988, pp. 65,295). The connection is a unity of opposites. , are - as Kant showed understood conceptually as antinomies (Kant, 1971 [1781], p. ). Competing theories can arise in science.

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World Views and Scientific Discipline Formation: Science Studies in the German Democratic Republic Papers from a German-American Summer Institute, 1988 by William R. Woodward (auth.), William R. Woodward, Robert S. Cohen (eds.)


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